Be prepared, by getting a reliable local weather forecast before you set off.
http://www.lakedistrict.gov.uk/weatherline, the National Park Weather Service for felltop conditions, temperatures, cloudbase, etc. Plan a route that is suitable for the forecasted weather (but expect it to be worse) and suitable for the weakest member of your party, and tell someone responsible what that route is. Make sure you have a map covering your route and a compass. Know how to use both. www.mwis.org.uk is also a very good site, were a forecaster actually looks out of a window as well as using the science. Beware of websites that rely just on computer modelling!!
Do you know about windchill? At a given air temperature, wind speed reduces the temperature experienced by the body by an amazing amount. More information, including a wind chill calculator at http://www.csgnetwork.com/windchillcalc.html
Learn some first aid, and take a first aid kit with you. And get your friends to do the same. They're the person who's going to sort you out!
Take appropriate clothing including waterproofs, spare warm clothes, hat and gloves, a torch, enough food and drink for the planned trip plus a bit extra for the unplanned part. Take torch, a survival bag (if you don't have one or know what one is get down to you local outdoor shop now - they cost next to nothing and may save your life).
Try to avoid relying on communications or position finding technology. It's all very well until you drop it, its batteries fail, or some bug or otherwise eats its insides. Or it becomes too dark to see it and you forgot your torch!
If it all goes wrong, don't panic. Don't immediately get out your mobile phone and dial 999 (or your Mum, 'cos she'll dial 999 for you...it's happened!), unless it's a medical emergency. Think; Are we really lost? If we continue this way and end up in the wrong place, is it the end of the world? Can we get ourselves out of this? All the best mountaineers have got themselves out of mires so deep their feet wouldn't have been touching the bottom. Read their books! Joe Simpson, Doug Scott, Simon Yates, and many others. They all gained from the experience of sorting themselves out.
Send someone (or two if there are enough in your party to leave one behind with the casualty) to the nearest phone call 999 or 112, ask for the police and say you need mountain rescue. Or use a mobile phone, if you have a signal. Your phone may roam to another network to allow you to make a 999 call, but nobody will be able to phone you back. That is why it is important to have the following information available:
Be prepared to tell them:
Once you have requested help follow exactly any instructions given to you. If told to stay where you are you must do so. If you move you risk losing any mobile phone signal and impeding any rescue team coming to help you. The Mountain Rescue Team will want to call you back. You will probably be asked to wait where you are while someone comes to speak to you, although don't expect ambulances and flashing lights to necessarily come your way, you may not have come down the quickest or easiest way.
The whole process can take several hours, or more. Please don't expect a helicopter to whizz in and carry out a brief job. This is rare, and it is much more likely to be done on foot.
Summary –Staying safe
Prevention of problems
NO PLACE OUTSIDE IS SAFE DURING LIGHTNING –AVOID THESE:
Further advice, particularly relevant to winter is available by clicking here.